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Victoza Alternatives

Substituting Victoza With Other Injectable Diabetes Medications

There are a variety of different types of insulin and other injectable medications for type 2 diabetes, including:
 
  • Other incretin mimetics
  • Amylin analogues
  • Insulin.
     
Other Incretin Mimetics
Victoza is an incretin mimetic. Three other incretin mimetics are available: exenatide (Byetta®), long-acting exenatide (Bydureon®), and dulaglutide (Trulicity™). All medications work by acting like the hormone incretin in the body, increasing insulin production and slowing down digestion. Byetta is taken twice daily, Victoza is taken once daily, and Bydureon and Trulicity are both taken just once a week. All are taken as an injection just under the skin (subcutaneous injection).
 
Amylin Analogues
One amylin analogue is available, called pramlintide (Symlin®). This medication works like the hormone amylin in the body, increasing insulin production, slowing digestion, decreasing the production of glucose by the liver, and reducing appetite.
 
Insulin
Insulin is available in rapid-, short-, long-, or intermediate-acting insulins.
 
Oral Diabetes Medicines
Many different types of oral medications are available to treat type 2 diabetes, including:
 
  • Sulfonylureas
  • Biguanides
  • Meglitinides
  • Thiazolidinediones
  • Alpha glucosidase inhibitors
  • Dipeptidyl peptidase inhibitors
  • Ergot alkaloids
  • Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2 inhibitors)
  • Bile acid sequestrants
  • Combination medications.
     
Sulfonylureas
Sulfonylureas are medications that force the pancreas to make more insulin. Because of this, they are effective in controlling blood sugar, but are also more likely to cause dangerously low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). These medications include:
 
Biguanides
Metformin (Fortamet®, Glucophage®, Glucophage XR®, Glumetza®, or Riomet®) is the only biguanide medication currently available. It works by helping the body use its natural insulin better. It also decreases sugar (glucose) production by the liver, and decreases sugar absorption from the diet.
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Victoza Medication Information

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