What Is Symlin?
acetate) is a prescription medication licensed to treat both type 1 and type 2 diabetes
(also known as non-insulin
or adult-onset diabetes). The medication is intended for use in people who take insulin before meals. Even though it is an injectable diabetes medication
, it is not a form of insulin and cannot be used as a replacement for insulin.
Who Makes It?
Symlin is made by Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
How Does Symlin Work?
Symlin works by mimicking the actions of amylin in the body. Amylin is a hormone that is made and secreted, along with insulin, by the pancreas
. In people without diabetes, the level of amylin (and insulin) increases in response to higher blood sugar levels after meals. When the pancreas becomes damaged as a result of type 1 or type 2 diabetes, it can no longer produce enough insulin and amylin.
The amylin actions that Symlin mimics include:
- Slowing down the emptying of food from the stomach, which slows down the increase in blood sugar after meals
- Decreasing the amount of glucose (sugar) that the liver produces
- Working in the brain to help people feel fuller sooner, resulting in a decrease in appetite and food intake.