Metformin (Glucophage®) is a medication licensed for the treatment of diabetes. It is approved for lowering blood sugar levels in adults and children with type 2 diabetes.
There are several forms and strengths available for metformin: oral tablets (available in three strengths), long-acting tablets (available in three strengths), and a liquid version. The medication is typically taken one to three times a day, depending on the particular product.
Metformin is a type of biguanide medication that works in several ways. It reduces the amount of sugar produced by the liver, limits the amount of sugar absorbed into the body from the diet, and makes insulin receptors more sensitive (helping the body respond better to its own insulin).
(Click Metformin for more information about metformin oral diabetes medication, including what side effects may occur, when and how to take the drug, and what you should be aware of before starting treatment.)