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Alternatives to Metformin

Oral Diabetes Medications

Fortunately, there are many different types of oral medications available to treat type 2 diabetes, including:
 
  • Sulfonylureas
  • Meglitinides
  • Thiazolidinediones
  • Alpha glucosidase inhibitors
  • Dipeptidyl peptidase inhibitors
  • Ergot alkaloids 
  • Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2 inhibitors)
  • Bile acid sequestrants
  • Combination medications.
     
Sulfonylureas
Sulfonylureas are medications that force the pancreas to produce more insulin. Because of this, they are very effective, but are also more likely to cause dangerously low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). These medications include:
 
Meglitinides
Meglitinides are similar to sulfonylureas, in that they force the pancreas to produce more insulin. However, they are short-acting and are less likely to cause dangerously low blood sugar. They are usually taken before every meal. Meglitinides include:
 
Thiazolidinediones (Glitazones)
These medications mainly work by decreasing insulin resistance and are therefore less likely to cause dangerously low blood sugar. These medications include:
 
Steps to Prevent or Delay Diabetic Nerve Damage

Metformin HCL

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