Diabetes Home > Metformin Uses
Metformin is used to treat type 2 diabetes in adults and children who are at least 10 years old. The drug works by decreasing the amount of sugar made by the liver, decreasing the amount of sugar absorbed into the body, and helping the body respond better to insulin. At this time, there are several off-label metformin uses, including the treatment of gestational diabetes, polycystic ovarian syndrome, and HIV lipodystrophy.
What Is Metformin Used For?Metformin (Glucophage®) and long-acting metformin ER (Glucophage XR®) are licensed to treat type 2 diabetes. The drugs are intended to be used together with diet and exercise to control blood sugar (see Healthy Eating for Diabetics).
- Decreasing the amount of sugar (glucose) made by the liver
- Decreasing the amount of sugar absorbed into the body (from food)
- Making insulin receptors more sensitive, helping the body respond better to insulin.