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Sulfonylureas
Sulfonylureas are medications that force the pancreas to make more insulin. As a result, they are effective at controlling blood sugar, but are also more likely to cause dangerously low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). These medications include:
 
 
Meglitinides
Meglitinides are similar to sulfonylureas, in that they force the pancreas to produce more insulin. However, they are short-acting and are less likely to cause dangerously low blood sugar levels. They are usually taken before every meal. Meglitinides include:
 
 
Thiazolidinediones (Glitazones)
These diabetes medicines primarily work by helping the body use its natural insulin more effectively. There are currently two thiazolidinediones available:
 
 
Alpha Glucosidase Inhibitors
These medications prevent the breakdown of sugar and carbohydrates in the digestive tract, slowing down their absorption. They are used to decrease blood sugar levels after meals. These drugs include:
 
Written by/reviewed by:
Last reviewed by: Kristi Monson, PharmD;
Last updated/reviewed:
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