Glucagon is an injectable medication approved to treat dangerously low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and for use in certain diagnostic tests. It is also used "off-label" for the treatment of overdoses with beta blockers or calcium channel blockers.
If you have diabetes and have a tendency to develop low blood sugar, you should have a glucagon kit with you at all times in case of an emergency. Each kit comes with everything needed to prepare and inject a dosage of this potentially lifesaving medication. Step-by-step instructions on how to administer the injection are also included.
Store glucagon kits at room temperature. Be sure to keep track of the expiration date. Discard the product and get a new one when it expires. Once the dose is mixed together, it must be used right away or discarded.
(Click Glucagon for more information on using a glucagon kit in an emergency. This article also talks about how the medication works and what to discuss with your healthcare provider to help ensure this product is right for you.)
Written by/reviewed by: Kristi Monson, PharmD;Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
Last reviewed by: KristiMonson, PharmD;
List of references (click here):
Glucagon Emergency Kit [package insert]. Indianapolis, IN: Eli Lilly and Company;2005 February.
GlucaGen HypoKit [package insert]. Princeton, NJ: Novo Nordisk, Inc.;2005 November
Food and Drug Administration, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. Electronic orange book: approved drug products with therapeutic equivalence evaluations. FDA Web site. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/cder/ob/. Accessed December 9, 2010.
Briggs GG, Freeman RK, Yaffe SJ. Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation. 8th ed. Philadelphia (PA): Lippincott Williams & Wilkins;2008.
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