Diabetes Home > Glucagon and Breastfeeding

It is generally considered safe to breastfeed if you use glucagon. The benefits of this potentially lifesaving drug almost always outweigh the risks. In addition, glucagon is unlikely to pass through breast milk; even if it does, the medicine would be broken down by the infant's digestive tract before it could be absorbed.

Is It Safe to Use Glucagon While Breastfeeding?

At this time, it is not known if glucagon passes through breast milk. However, it is generally considered safe for use while breastfeeding. Nonetheless, if you are breastfeeding, talk with your healthcare provider before using glucagon.

More Information on Breastfeeding and Glucagon

No research has been done to see if glucagon passes through breast milk in humans. However, the use of glucagon while breastfeeding is unlikely to cause any serious problems in a nursing infant, for the following reasons:
  • Glucagon occurs naturally in the human body


  • Glucagon is a large polypeptide molecule that is unlikely to pass through breast milk


  • Glucagon is quickly used or destroyed by the body (it has a very short half-life), which means that it is unlikely to build up in breast milk
  • Glucagon would be broken down by the digestive tract of the infant before it had a chance to be absorbed.
The benefits of this product for the mother almost always greatly outweigh any possible risks, since glucagon is often a lifesaving drug.

Talking With Your Healthcare Provider

You should discuss breastfeeding and glucagon with your healthcare provider. Each woman's situation is different, and you and your healthcare provider understand your situation best. After considering what you want and expect, as well as your current health situation, the two of you can make a shared decision that is right for you.
Written by/reviewed by:
Last reviewed by: Kristi Monson, PharmD;
Last updated/reviewed:
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