Available by prescription only, glipizide (Glucotrol®) is a medicine used to lower blood sugar levels in people who cannot do so effectively through lifestyle changes alone, such as weight loss, diet, and exercise. It can either be used by itself or in combination with other medications.
Glipizide affects the body in a couple of ways. The medicine belongs to a class of drugs known as sulfonylureas, which means that it works by helping the pancreas produce more insulin. It may also help to lower blood sugar by improving insulin resistance, thereby helping the cells remove more sugar from the blood.
(To learn more about the drug's effectiveness, click Glipizide. This article also offers tips on when and how to take your dosage and lists safety issues to be aware of before starting treatment.)
Written by/reviewed by: Kristi Monson, PharmD;Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
Last reviewed by: KristiMonson, PharmD;
List of references (click here):
Glucotrol [package insert]. New York, NY: Pfizer Inc;2013 October.
Glucotrol XL [package insert]. New York, NJ: Pfizer, Inc.;2010 May.
Food and Drug Administration, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. Electronic orange book: Approved drug products with therapeutic equivalence evaluations. FDA Web site. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/cder/ob/. Accessed January 19, 2007.
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