Diabetes Home > List of Diabetic Medication

The three primary types of diabetic medication include oral diabetes medication, insulin, and other types of injectable diabetes medicine. Within these broad groups, diabetic medication can be classified more specifically as belonging to certain classes. The following article provides a list of diabetic medication broken down by type and class of medicine.

An Overview of Diabetic Medication

There are three basic types of diabetic medication:
  • Oral diabetes medication
  • Insulin
  • Other injectable diabetes medicine (besides insulin).
The list of diabetic medication provided below is separated first by the categories explained above, then by the class of medicine to which a particular medication belongs.

List of Oral Diabetic Medication

Oral diabetes medications are used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Medicines within this category fall within one of several classes, including:
  • Biguanides
  • Meglitinides
  • Sulfonylureas
  • Thiazolidinediones
  • Alpha glucosidase inhibitors
  • Dipeptidyl peptidase inhibitors
  • Ergot alkaloids
  • Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2 inhibitors)
  • Bile acid sequestrants
  • Combination medications.
Metformin (Glucophage®, Glucophage XR®, Glumetza, Riomet®, Fortamet®) is the only biguanide medication currently available. 
Written by/reviewed by:
Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
Last updated/reviewed:
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