Diabetes Home > Diabetes Statistics
Blood Pressure Control
Blood pressure control reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease (heart disease or stroke) among people with diabetes by 33 percent to 50 percent and the risk of microvascular complications (eye, kidney, and nerve disease) by about 33 percent.
In general, for every 10-mmHg reduction in systolic blood pressure, the risk for any complication related to diabetes is reduced by 12 percent.
Control of Blood Lipids
Improved control of cholesterol or blood lipids (for example, HDL, LDL, and triglycerides) can reduce cardiovascular complications by 20 percent to 50 percent.
Detecting and treating diabetic eye disease with laser therapy can reduce the development of severe vision loss by an estimated 50 percent to 60 percent.
Comprehensive foot care programs can reduce amputation rates by 45 percent to 85 percent.
Detecting and treating early diabetic kidney disease by lowering blood pressure can reduce the decline in kidney function by 30 percent to 70 percent. Treatment with ACE inhibitors (such as captopril) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) is more effective in reducing the decline in kidney function than other blood pressure-lowering drugs.
In 2002, the total (direct and indirect) cost of diabetes in the United States was $132 billion; of that, $92 billion was direct costs, while indirect costs (for example, disability, work loss, and premature death) totaled $40 billion.