Diabetes Home > Diabetes Statistics
Diabetes is the leading cause of new cases of blindness among adults aged 20 to 74 years. Diabetic retinopathy causes 12,000 to 24,000 new cases of blindness each year.
Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, accounting for 44 percent of new cases in 2002.
In the United States and Puerto Rico, 44,400 people with diabetes began treatment for end-stage kidney disease in 2002. In that same year in the United States and Puerto Rico, 153,730 people with end-stage kidney disease due to diabetes were living on chronic dialysis or with a kidney transplant.
Nervous System Disease
About 60 percent to 70 percent of people with diabetes have mild to severe forms of nervous system damage. The results of such damage include:
- Impaired sensation or pain in the feet or hands
- Slowed digestion of food in the stomach
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Other nerve problems.
Almost 30 percent of people with diabetes aged 40 years or older have impaired sensation in the feet (that is, at least one area that lacks feeling).
Severe forms of diabetic nerve disease are a major contributing cause of lower-extremity amputations.
More than 60 percent of nontraumatic lower-limb amputations occur among people with diabetes. In 2002, about 82,000 nontraumatic lower-limb amputations were performed in people with diabetes.
Periodontal (gum) disease is more common in people with diabetes. Among young adults, those with diabetes have about twice the risk of periodontal disease as those without diabetes.
Almost one-third of people with diabetes have severe periodontal diseases, with loss of attachment of the gums to the teeth measuring 5 millimeters or more.