Diabetes Home > Diabetes Risk Factors
Anyone 45 years of age or older should consider getting tested for diabetes. If you are 45 or older and overweight (see BMI Calculator), getting tested is strongly recommended. If you are younger than 45, overweight, and have one or more of the other diabetes risk factors, you should consider diabetes testing. Ask your doctor for a fasting blood glucose test or an oral glucose tolerance test.
Based on the results of the tests, your healthcare will tell you if you have:
- Normal blood glucose
If you are at risk for diabetes, there are some things you can do. But, making big changes in your life can be hard, especially if you are faced with more than one change. You can make it easier by taking these steps:
- Make a plan to change behavior
- Decide exactly what you will do and when you will do it
- Plan what you need to get ready
- Think about what might prevent you from reaching your goals
- Find family and friends who will support and encourage you
- Decide how you will reward yourself when you do what you have planned.
Your doctor, a dietitian, or a counselor can also help you make a plan.
Some of the areas you may wish to address in your plan include to:
- Reach and maintain a reasonable body weight
- Make wise food choices most of the time
- Be physically active every day
- Reduce your intake of sodium and alcohol
- Talk to your doctor about whether you need medicine to control your blood pressure if your blood pressure is too high.
- Talk to your doctor about whether you need medicine to control your cholesterol levels if your cholesterol or triglyceride levels are too high.