As a prescription diabetes medicine, Actos® (pioglitazone hydrochloride) can be used by itself or in combination with other medications to treat type 2 diabetes (also known as noninsulin-dependent diabetes or adult-onset diabetes).
As part of a group of diabetes medications called thiazolidinediones (or sometimes called "glitazones"), Actos works by improving insulin sensitivity. This means that this medicine helps your body to use its natural insulin better, which, in turn, helps to lower blood sugar and keep it under better control.
Fasting blood sugar is another way to study the effects of a diabetes medication. Actos has been shown to decrease fasting blood sugar levels by 30 to 56 mg/dL.
(Click Actos for more details on how this diabetes medicine works to lower blood sugar levels. This article also discusses the effectiveness of this medication, possible side effects, and safety precautions to review before beginning treatment.)
Written by/reviewed by: Kristi Monson, PharmD;Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
Food and Drug Administration, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. Electronic orange book: approved drug products with therapeutic equivalence evaluations. FDA Web site. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/cder/ob/. Accessed January 16, 2007.
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