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Diabetic Neuropathy Symptoms

Sweat Glands
Autonomic neuropathy can affect the nerves that control sweating. When nerve damage prevents the sweat glands from working properly, the body cannot regulate its temperature properly. Nerve damage can also cause symptoms that include profuse sweating at night or while eating.
Autonomic neuropathy can affect the pupils of the eyes, making them less responsive to changes in light. As a result, a person may not be able to see well when the light is turned on in a dark room or may have trouble driving at night.

Proximal Neuropathy

Proximal neuropathy is sometimes called:
  • Lumbosacral plexus neuropathy
  • Femoral neuropathy
  • Diabetic amyotrophy.
Proximal neuropathy starts with pain in the thighs, hips, buttocks, or legs -- usually on one side of the body.
This type of neuropathy is more common in those with type 2 diabetes and in older people. It causes weakness in the legs, manifested by an inability to go from a sitting to a standing position without help. Treatment for weakness or pain is usually needed. The length of the recovery period varies, depending on the type of nerve damage.

Diabetic Neuropathy Symptoms: Focal Neuropathy

Occasionally, diabetic neuropathy appears suddenly and affects specific nerves, most often in the head, torso, or leg. Focal neuropathy may cause symptoms that include:
  • Inability to focus the eye
  • Double vision
  • Aching behind one eye
  • Paralysis on one side of the face (Bell's palsy)
  • Severe pain in the lower back or pelvis
  • Pain in the front of the thigh
  • Pain in the chest, stomach, or flank
  • Pain on the outside of the shin or inside the foot
  • Chest or abdominal pain that is sometimes mistaken for heart disease, heart attack, or appendicitis.
Focal neuropathy is painful and unpredictable, and occurs most often in older people; however, it tends to improve by itself over weeks or months and does not cause long-term damage.
People with diabetes also tend to develop nerve compressions, also called nerve entrapment syndromes. One of the most common is carpal tunnel syndrome, which causes numbness and tingling of the hand and sometimes muscle weakness or pain. Other nerves susceptible to entrapment may cause pain on the outside of the shin or the inside of the foot.
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Diabetic Neuropathy Information

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