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Diabetic Diet

Diabetic Diet and Hypoglycemia

You should know the signs of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), such as:
 
  • Feeling weak or dizzy
  • Sweating for no apparent reason
  • Sudden changes in your heartbeat
  • Feeling hungry.
     
If you experience these symptoms, stop exercising and test your blood glucose. If it is 70 or less, eat one of the following right away:
 
  • 2 or 3 glucose tablets
  • 1/2 cup (4 ounces) of any fruit juice
  • 1/2 cup (4 ounces) of a regular (not diet) soft drink
  • 1 cup (8 ounces) of milk
  • 5 or 6 pieces of hard candy
  • 1 or 2 teaspoons of sugar or honey.
     
After 15 minutes, test your blood glucose again to find out whether it has returned to a healthier level. Once blood glucose is stable, if it will be at least an hour before your next meal, it's a good idea to eat a snack.
 
To be safe when you exercise, carry something to treat hypoglycemia, such as glucose tablets or hard candy. Another good idea is to wear a medical identification bracelet or necklace (in case of an emergency). Teach your exercise partners the signs of hypoglycemia and what to do about it.
 

Summary

The following points are important to keep in mind regarding a diabetic diet:
 
  • What, when, and how much you eat affect your blood glucose level.

 

  • You can keep your blood glucose at a healthy level if you eat about the same amount of food each day; eat at about the same times each day; take your medicines at the same times each day; and exercise at the same times each day.

 

  • Every day, choose foods from these food groups: starches, vegetables, fruit, meat and meat substitutes, and milk and yogurt. How much of each depends on how many calories you need a day.

 

  • Limit the amounts of fats and sweets you eat each day as part of your diabetic diet.
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