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Diabetic Diet

Meat and Meat Substitutes Suggestions
Here are some healthy ways to eat meat or meat substitutes as part of your diabetic diet:
 
  • Buy cuts of beef, pork, and lamb that have only a little fat on them. Trim off extra fat.
     
  • Eat chicken or turkey without the skin.
     
  • Cook meat or meat substitutes in low-fat ways, such as broiling, grilling, stir-frying, roasting, steaming, or stewing.
 
  • To add more flavor, use vinegars, lemon juice, soy or teriyaki sauce, salsa, ketchup, barbecue sauce, and herbs and spices.
     
  • Cook eggs with a small amount of fat, or use cooking spray.
     
  • Limit the amounts of nuts, peanut butter, and fried chicken that you eat. They are high in fat.
     
  • Choose low-fat or fat-free cheese.
     

Fats, Sweets, and Alcohol in a Diabetic Diet

The tip of the Diabetes Food Pyramid includes fat, sweets, and alcohol. Limit the fats and sweets you eat. They have calories, but not much nutrition. Some contain saturated fats and cholesterol that increase your risk of heart disease. Limiting these foods will help you lose weight and keep your blood glucose and blood fats under control.
 
Alcohol has calories but no nutrients. If you drink alcohol on an empty stomach, it can make your blood glucose level too low. Alcohol also can raise your blood fats. If you want to drink alcohol, talk with your doctor or diabetes teacher about how it fits into your meal plan.
 
Examples of fats that may be part of a diabetic diet include:
 
  • Salad dressing
  • Oil
  • Butter
  • Margarine
  • Avocado
  • Olives.
     
Examples of sweets include:
 
  • Regular soda
  • Ice cream
  • Cake
  • Cookies
  • Pie
  • Candy.
     
Diabetic Diet and the Sweet Tooth
It's okay to have sweets once in a while as part of your diabetic diet. Try having sugar-free Popsicles, diet soda, fat-free ice cream or frozen yogurt, or sugar-free hot cocoa mix.
 
Other tips:
 
  • Share desserts in restaurants.
  • Order small or child-size servings of ice cream or frozen yogurt.
  • Divide homemade desserts into small servings and wrap each individually. Freeze extra servings.
  • Don't keep dishes of candy in the house or at work.
     
Remember, fat-free and low-sugar foods still have calories. Talk with your doctor or dietician about how to fit sweets into your diabetic diet.
 
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