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Diabetic Diet

Fruit Suggestions
Here are some healthy ways to eat fruit as part of your diabetic diet:
  • Eat fruits raw or cooked, as juice with no sugar added, canned in their own juice, or dried.
  • Buy smaller pieces of fruit.
  • Eat pieces of fruit rather than drinking fruit juice. Pieces of fruit are more filling and contain fiber.
  • Drink fruit juice in small amounts.
  • Save high-sugar and high-fat fruit desserts, such as peach cobbler or cherry pie, for special occasions.

Including Milk and Yogurt in a Diabetic Diet

The next highest level on the Diabetes Food Pyramid is milk and yogurt. Milk and yogurt give you energy, protein, fat, calcium, vitamin A, and other vitamins and minerals.
Milk and Yogurt Serving Size
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, have 4 to 5 servings of milk and yogurt each day as part of your diabetic diet.
Milk and Yogurt Suggestions
Here are some healthy ways to eat or drink milk and yogurt as part of your diabetic diet:
  • Drink fat-free (skim or nonfat) or low-fat (1 percent) milk.
  • Eat low-fat or fat-free fruit yogurt sweetened with a low-calorie sweetener.
  • Use low-fat plain yogurt as a substitute for sour cream.

Meat and Meat Substitutes

The second highest level in the Diabetes Food Pyramid includes meats and meat substitutes. The meat and meat substitutes group includes:
  • Meat
  • Poultry
  • Eggs
  • Cheese
  • Fish
  • Tofu.
Eat small amounts of some of these foods each day.
Meat and meat substitutes help your body build tissue and muscles. They also give your body energy and vitamins and minerals.
Examples of meat and meat substitutes that can be used in a diabetic diet include:
  • Chicken
  • Fish
  • Beef
  • Eggs
  • Peanut butter
  • Tofu
  • Cheese
  • Ham
  • Pork.
Meat and Meat Substitutes Serving Size
A serving of two to three ounces of meat (after cooking) is about the size of a deck of cards.
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