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Diabetic Diet

Vegetables

The next level of the Diabetes Food Pyramid consists of vegetables. Vegetables give you vitamins, minerals, and fiber, with very few calories.
 
Some examples of vegetables that may be included in your diabetic diet are:
 
  • Lettuce
  • Broccoli
  • Vegetable juice
  • Peppers
  • Carrots
  • Green beans
  • Salsa
  • Chilies
  • Greens.
     
Vegetable Serving Sizes
If you have more than one serving at a meal, you can choose a few different types of vegetables or have two or three servings of one vegetable.
 
Vegetable Suggestions
Here are some healthy ways to eat vegetables as part of your diabetic diet:
 
  • Eat raw and cooked vegetables with little or no fat, sauces, or dressings.
     
  • Try low-fat or fat-free salad dressing on raw vegetables or salads.
     
  • Steam vegetables using a small amount of water or low-fat broth.
     
  • Mix in some chopped onion or garlic.
     
  • Use a little vinegar or some lemon or lime juice.
     
  • Add a small piece of lean ham or smoked turkey instead of fat to vegetables when cooking.
     
  • Sprinkle with herbs and spices. These flavorings add almost no fat or calories.
     
  • If you do use a small amount of fat, use canola oil, olive oil, or soft margarines (liquid or tub types) instead of fat from meat, butter, or shortening.
     

Fruit

Fruit is at the same level of vegetables on the Diabetes Food Pyramid. Fruit gives you energy, vitamins, minerals, and fiber.
 
Some examples of fruit that is good for a diabetic diet include:
 
  • Apples
  • Fruit juice
  • Strawberries
  • Bananas
  • Raisins
  • Oranges.
     
Fruit Serving Size
If you have more than one serving at a meal, you can choose different types of fruit or have two servings of one fruit.
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