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List of Diabetic Medication

Meglitinides
Meglitinides include:
 

 

Sulfonylureas
Specific types of these diabetic medications include:
 

 

Thiazolidinediones (Glitazones)
These diabetic medications include:
 
 
Alpha Glucosidase Inhibitors
These diabetic medications include:
 
Dipeptidyl Peptidase Inhibitors
This is a relatively new class of medications and includes:
 
Ergot Alkaloids
Only one ergot alkaloid is approved for treating type 2 diabetes -- bromocriptine (Cycloset®). Only the Cycloset brand of bromocriptine is approved for this use (other forms are approved for different uses).
 
Sodium-Glucose Co-Transporter 2 Inhibitors
SGLT2 inhibitors work by causing glucose to be lost from the bloodstream into the urine. There are three approved medications in this class: Invokana® (canagliflozin), Farxiga™ (dapagliflozin), and empagliflozin (Jardiance®). These medications tend to lower blood pressure and cause a small amount of weight loss, which can often be desirable effects in people with type 2 diabetes.  
 
Bile Acid Sequestrants
Often overlooked as a diabetes drug, Welchol® (colesevelam) is a bile acid sequestrant that was initially approved for treating high cholesterol. It helps to lower both blood sugar and cholesterol levels, which can be very useful in many people with diabetes. The downside is that the usual dosage involves taking six tablets a day. It can also bind with (and therefore interact with) some other drugs.
  
Combination Oral Diabetes Medications
There is a variety of combination drugs for diabetes available, including:
 

 

Type 2 Diabetes: Fact or Fiction

Treatments for Diabetes

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