The goal of diabetes treatment is to keep blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible. Treatment for type 1 diabetes includes eating a healthy diet, exercising, and taking insulin. Treatment for type 2 includes living a healthy lifestyle and monitoring blood glucose levels. Self management is a key component for managing this condition, and includes meal planning, planned physical activity, and blood glucose monitoring.
Too much glucose (sugar) in the blood for a long time can cause diabetes. This high blood glucose (also called blood sugar) can damage many parts of the body, such as the:
- Blood vessels
Therefore, diabetes treatment is aimed at keeping blood glucose levels as close to the normal range as safely possible. Studies have shown that doing this reduces the risk of developing major complications associated with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Self-management is a key component of treating diabetes. This refers to the ongoing process of managing the condition. This includes:
- Planning meals
- Planning physical activity
- Monitoring blood glucose
- Taking diabetes medication
- Handling episodes of illness and of low and high blood glucose
- Managing diabetes when traveling.
The person with diabetes designs his or her own self-management treatment plan in consultation with a variety of healthcare professionals, such as: