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Magnesium

Magnesium is a mineral. Foods high in magnesium include:
 
  • Green, leafy vegetables
  • Nuts
  • Seeds
  • Some whole grains.
     
Various magnesium supplements are marketed as tablets, capsules, or liquids.
 
Although the relationship between magnesium supplementation and diabetes has been studied for decades, it is not yet fully understood. Studies suggest that a deficiency in magnesium may negatively affect blood glucose control in type 2 diabetes. Scientists believe that such a deficiency interrupts insulin secretion in the pancreas and increases insulin resistance in the body's tissues. Evidence suggests that a deficiency also may contribute to certain diabetes complications. A recent analysis showed that people with higher dietary intakes of magnesium (through consumption of whole grains, nuts, and green, leafy vegetables) had a decreased risk of type 2 diabetes.
 

Coenzyme Q10

Coenzyme Q10, often referred to as CoQ10 (other names include ubiquinone and ubiquinol) is a vitamin-like substance. It helps cells make energy and acts as an antioxidant. Meats and seafood contain small amounts of CoQ10. As a diabetes supplement, CoQ10 is marketed as tablets and capsules.
 
Research on Coenzyme Q10
There have been few studies on CoQ10 and type 2 diabetes so far. The evidence is not sufficient to evaluate CoQ10's effectiveness as an alternative treatment for diabetes. It has not been shown to affect blood glucose control. In theory, it might have use against heart disease in people with diabetes, but well-designed studies looking at heart disease outcomes are needed to answer this question.
 
Side Effects and Other Risks Associated With Coenzyme Q10
CoQ10 appears to be safe for most of the adult population. However, it may interact with and affect the action of some medicines, including warfarin (a blood thinner) and medicines used for high blood pressure or cancer chemotherapy.
 
Other possible side effects of CoQ10 include:
 
7 Signs of High Blood Sugar

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