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Diabetes

What Are the Symptoms?

Common symptoms include:
 
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • A need to urinate frequently
  • Excessive thirst
  • Weight loss
  • Blurred vision
  • Frequent infections
  • Sores that do not heal.
     
However, some people with do not have any symptoms.
 

How Is It Diagnosed?

Medical tests will determine if diabetes is causing your problems. A doctor can make a diagnosis by reviewing your symptoms and checking your blood glucose levels. One test (called a fasting plasma glucose test) measures your blood glucose level after not eating or drinking (fasting) for at least eight hours, usually overnight. In another test, called the oral glucose tolerance test, your blood glucose is checked and then you drink a sugary beverage. Your blood glucose (sugar) levels are then checked one hour, two hours, and three hours later. The diagnosis is confirmed after a repeat test on a different day.
 
(Click Diagnosing Diabetes for more information.)
 

Treatment for Diabetes

In the conventional medical approach to diabetes treatment, people learn to keep their blood glucose in as healthy a range as possible. They do this by:
 
  • Following a healthy food plan
  • Being physically active
  • Controlling their weight
  • Testing their blood glucose regularly.
     
Some people also need to take medicine, such as insulin injections or prescription diabetes pills. When lifestyle changes and medical treatment are combined to rigorously maintain and control blood sugar in the normal range, this approach to managing diabetes can minimize the serious complications of the disease. This enables patients to lead full, productive lives.
 
(Click List of Diabetic Medication to see a list of medications often used to treat this condition.)
 
7 Signs of High Blood Sugar

Diabetes Information

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