Diabetes Channel
Topics
Medications
Quicklinks
Related Channels

Diabetes Complications

Blindness
 
  • Diabetes is the leading cause of new cases of blindness among adults aged 20 to 74 years.
  • Diabetic retinopathy causes 12,000 to 24,000 new cases of blindness each year.
     
Kidney Disease
Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, accounting for over 40 percent of new cases.

 

Nervous System Disease
 
  • About 60 to 70 percent of people with diabetes have mild to severe forms of nervous system damage. The results of such damage include impaired sensation or pain in the feet or hands, slowed digestion of food in the stomach, carpal tunnel syndrome, and other nerve problems.
     
  • Almost 30 percent of people with diabetes aged 40 years or older have impaired sensation in the feet (that is, at least one area that lacks feeling).
     
  • Severe forms of diabetic nerve disease are a major contributing cause of lower-extremity amputations.
     
Amputations
More than 60 percent of nontraumatic lower-limb amputations occur among people with diabetes.

 

Dental Disease
 
  • Periodontal (gum) disease is more common in people with diabetes. Among young adults, those with diabetes have about twice the risk of those without diabetes.
     
  • Almost one-third of people with diabetes have severe periodontal diseases, with loss of attachment of the gums to the teeth measuring 5 millimeters or more.
     
Complications of Pregnancy
 
  • Poorly controlled diabetes before conception and during the first trimester of pregnancy can cause major birth defects in 5 percent to 10 percent of pregnancies and spontaneous abortions in 15 percent to 20 percent of pregnancies.
     
  • Poorly controlled diabetes during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy can result in excessively large babies, posing a risk to both mother and child.
     
Other Complications of Diabetes
 
  • Uncontrolled diabetes often leads to biochemical imbalances that can cause acute life-threatening events, such as diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar (nonketotic) coma.
     
  • People with diabetes are more susceptible to many other illnesses and, once they acquire these illnesses, often have worse prognoses. For example, they are more likely to die with pneumonia or influenza than people who do not have diabetes.
     
Healthy Eating for People With Diabetes

Diabetic Complications

Terms of Use
Advertise with Us
Contact Us
About eMedTV
Privacy Policy
Copyright © 2006-2017 Clinaero, Inc.
eMedTV serves only as an informational resource. This site does not dispense medical advice or advice of any kind. Site users seeking medical advice about their specific situation should consult with their own physician. Click Terms of Use for more information.