Bydureon is prescribed to help control blood sugar levels in adults with type 2 diabetes. By mimicking the action of incretin hormones in the body, this medication increases insulin production in response to meals and decreases the amount of glucose that the liver produces. Using Bydureon can help prevent complications caused by diabetes, such as kidney failure and heart disease.
What Is Bydureon Used For?Bydureon™ (extended-release exenatide) is a prescription medication approved for treating type 2 diabetes. It is an incretin mimetic and, like other incretin mimetics, is given by injection. However, it is unique in that it is injected just once a week, which can be a major advantage for many people.
Using Bydureon for Type 2 DiabetesType 2 diabetes is the most common type (see Diabetes Types). It is also sometimes called adult-onset diabetes or noninsulin-dependent diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which the cells of the body do not respond to insulin as well as they normally should. As a result, these cells do not sufficiently remove sugar from the blood. This is why people with type 2 diabetes have high blood sugar levels.
Over time, high blood sugar can lead to a number of problems, including diabetic impotence, diabetic neuropathy, kidney failure, and heart disease (see Diabetes Complications). The cause of type 2 diabetes is not fully understood, although it is known that obesity and genetics play an important role in the condition.
Bydureon can be used alone or in combination with other diabetes medications. When compared to other incretin mimetics, Bydureon does have a few potential negatives. One is the fact that each dose must be mixed immediately before use, compared to other similar medications that come in prefilled pens. Another is the relatively large needle that must be used to inject Bydureon (no other needles can be used), compared to the other products that allow the user to choose an appropriate (and probably smaller) needle.