Using Avandia for Type 2 DiabetesType 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes (see Diabetes Types). It is also sometimes called adult-onset diabetes or noninsulin-dependent diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a condition involving insulin resistance. With insulin resistance, the cells of the body do not respond to insulin as well as they normally should. As a result, the cells do not take sugar out of the blood very well. This is why type 2 diabetics have high blood sugar.
Over time, high blood sugar can lead to a number of problems, including diabetic impotence, diabetic neuropathy, kidney failure, and heart disease (see Diabetes Complications). The cause of type 2 diabetes is not fully understood, although it is known that obesity and genetics play an important role.
Avandia is used for treating type 2 diabetes in people who cannot lower blood sugar through lifestyle changes alone (such as weight loss, diet, and exercise). It is part of a group of diabetes medications called thiazolidinediones (or sometimes called "glitazones"). Avandia helps to improve insulin sensitivity, meaning that it helps your body to use its natural insulin better. This not only lowers blood sugar, but it also helps to keep it under better control.
Avandia as Part of Diabetes TreatmentAny type 2 diabetes treatment begins with lifestyle changes. If lifestyle changes alone are not effective at managing diabetes, diabetes medication may be necessary. Some diabetes medications force the pancreas to produce more insulin (see Avandia Alternatives). These medications are effective, but can cause dangerously low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Because Avandia does not force the pancreas to make more insulin, there is a low risk of developing dangerously low blood sugar with Avandia (see Avandia and Blood Sugar).
(To learn about controlling diabetes through lifestyle choices, click on any of the links below: